Anhui Province in southeastern China
is situated 29"25"-34"39" north latitude and 114"43"-119"38" east longitude,
covering an area of more than 130,000 square kilometers. Lying in the middle and
lower valleys of the Yangtze and Huaihe rivers, it borders Henan, Shandong,
Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Hubei provinces.
The part of Anhui north of the Huaihe River
has a warm-temperate, semi-humid monsoonal climate while the part south of the
river has a sub-tropical, humid monsoonal climate. The mean annual temperature
is above 14¡æto
16¡æ from north to south --
the hottest month, July, averaging 27-28oC and the coldest month, January,
-3-3oC -- and the mean annual precipitation is 750-2,000 mm.
Administrative Division and
Anhui Province is divided into 17 prefecture-level
cities, 5 county-level cities and 56 counties, with a population
of 59.86 million as of 2000, and mainly including ethnic groups of
Han, Hui, Manchu, Zhuang, Miao and She, etc.
Anhui Cuisine, one of the Eight Most Famous
Cuisines in China, features the local culinary arts of Huizhou. Most famous
dishes include Stewed Soft Shell Turtle with Ham, Bamboo Shoots Cooked with
Sausage and Dried Mushroom, and etc.
Hui Opera, Lu Opera, Huangmei Opera, and
Fengyang Flower Drum, etc.
Special Local Products
The special local products include the Four
Treasures of Study -- Xuan paper, Chinese paintbrushes, Hui ink, Xi inkstone, as
well as some world-renowned tea products.
Anhui Province is called Wan for short, with
Hefei as its capital city. Anhui was officially established as a province in
1667 in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The word, "Anhui", derives from the
acronym of Anqing prefecture and Huizhou prefecture. Anhui abounds in natural
resources. It is one of the important agricultural provinces, with products
ranging from rice, wheat, cotton, vegetable oil crops, cotton, tea, jute,
silkworm cocoons, and roast tobacco, etc. Its main mineral deposits are coal,
iron ore, and copper ore.
Anhui is famous for its picturesque
mountains and rivers. Huangshan Mountain, Jiuhua Mountain, Tiazhu Mountain, and
Qiyun Mountain are well-known mountains, and the region's premier tourist
attractions, some of which have been inscribed in UNESCO's World Nature Heritage